The Filipino farmers and fishermen and children of low-income families are still the poorest of the country’s basic sectors, according to the latest research of the Philippine Statistics Authority (PSA).
The Philippine Statistics Authority data revealed that poverty was around 34.3 percent amongst farmers; about 34 percent amongst fishermen; and some 31.4 percent of children from low-income households dating back in 2015.
The data was based on the 2015 Family Income and Expenditure Survey (FIES) gathered by the PSA every three years.
“These sectors consistently registered as the three sectors with the highest poverty incidence in 2006, 2009 and 2012,” the agency said.
However, as compared to previous FIES reports, the poverty rates across all the sectors were dwindling. The poverty rates among farmers nosedived to its current level from 38.5 percent, while projections amongst fishermen plummeted from 41.2 percent in dating back in 2006.
The FIES data in 2006, 2009 and 2012 shown that fishermen were the poorest belt in the Philippines. The latest PSA data showed the Filipino fishermen are now second to farmers in terms of poverty rate.
Amongst children of low-income families, poverty was at around 35 percent in 2006, 2009 and 2012. It was only in 2015 when it posted a poverty rate of below the 35 percent mark.
The Philippines Statistics Authority also said that five of the nine basic sectors posted higher poverty incidence rates than the general population of the country.
Apart from the top 3 poorest sectors in the Philippines, rounding up the five sectors that had higher poverty rates than the national average were self-employed and unpaid family workers or informal workers and women.
Poverty rates amongst informal sector workers declined from 29 percent in 2012 to just 25 percent in 2015. It was at 30.6 percent in the year 2006.
Despite the Philippines’ impressive record in gender equality, some 22.5 percent of Filipino women are considered below par. With that being said, this is lower than the 25.6 percent documented in 2012 and 25.9 percent in 2006.
The poverty rate amongst Filipinos nationwide averaged 21.6 percent in 2015. This was a significant nosedive from 25.2 percent in year 2012.
The PSA data also revealed that poverty rate amongst employed Filipinos was higher than the unemployed in 2015.
Ending poverty is the goal of the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), or the Global Goals adopted by countries, including the Philippines, in September 2015.
SDG 1 aims to conclude poverty in all its forms by quashing extreme poverty for all people worldwide by 2030. People living on less than $1.25 per day are considered extremely poor.
The goal also aims to lessen by at least half the proportion of men, women and children of all ages living in poverty in all its dimensions by 2030. — Velvetiere.com